About the Cause
Females constitute about 50% of country’s human resource but lack of education snatches their chance to be a part of the progress and development of India. This means our pace of progress is less than the required pace. Even if females do not use education to work, total illiteracy has a huge negative impact on our society.
Education is regarded as a key instrument for the empowerment of women. Education changes their worldview, improves their chances of employment, facilitates their participation in public life, and also influences their fertility. Several studies indicate that educated women have, on an average, fewer children and they take good care of their socialization.
Although considerable progress has been made with regard to literacy and education, the overall picture still remains unfavorable to women.
Some common causes for the lack of education among girl child and women are:
Poverty is the root cause of many problems in India and also of low female literacy rate. More than one-third of the population in India is living below the poverty line. Though the government is putting efforts to make the primary education free but still parents are not ready to send their girls to school.
Accessibility to schools - In most of the rural areas, lack of easy accessibility to school is another reason for low female literacy rate. Parents do not prefer to send girls to schools if these are located at a far distance from their village or home.
Lack of adequate school facilities - some of the schools are really in pathetic conditions and do not have even basic facilities. As per a survey, 54% of schools in Uttar Pradesh do not have water facility and 80% do not have latrine facilities. Even some schools do not have enough rooms to accommodate all the students.
But in spite of all these reasons, National Women’s Parliament wants women of all ages to understand and realize that education can actually end the vivacious cycle of poverty, their misfortune, so that they can live a life with pride. We should encourage the girl child in getting education to create a balanced and an educated society.